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Budget (Scotland) (No 4) Bill [Session 5]


The Budget Bill is the final stage in the annual budget process. The Bill allows the Parliament to set public spending in Scotland for the financial year 2020-21.

The overall figure budgeted for is £43.0 billion. 

This figure includes spending on: 

  • Health and Sport – £15.3 billion 
  • Communities and Local Government – £11.3 billion 
  • Education and Skills – £4.2 billion 
  • Social Security - £3.8 billion 
  • Transport Infrastructure and Connectivity – £3.5 billion 
  • Justice – £2.7 billion 

This is the fourth Budget Bill for Session 5 of the Scottish Parliament.

You can find out more in the Bill as introduced document that explains the bill.

The Scottish Parliament has a statutory duty to produce a Budget each year. 

Statutory duty is the law that a company, a government organisation, or the members of a particular profession must obey. 

You can find out more in the Bill as introduced document that explains the bill.

The Bill at different stages

'Bills' are proposed laws. Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) discuss them to decide if they should become law.

Here are the different versions of the Bill:

The Bill as introduced

Budget (Scotland) (No 4) Bill [Session 5] as introduced

The Scottish Government sends the Bill and the related documents to the Scottish Parliament.

Bill is at ScottishParliament.SC.Feature.BillComponents.Models.BillStageModel?.DefaultBillStage?.Stage_Name stage.

Where do laws come from?

The Scottish Parliament can make decisions about many things like:

  • agriculture and fisheries
  • education and training
  • environment
  • health and social services
  • housing
  • justice and policing
  • local government
  • some aspects of tax and social security

These are 'devolved matters'.

Laws that are decided by the Scottish Parliament come from:

Government Bills

These are Bills that have been introduced by the Scottish Government. They are sometimes called 'Executive Bills'.

Most of the laws that the Scottish Parliament looks at are Government Bills.

Hybrid Bills

These Bills are suggested by the Scottish Government.

As well as having an impact on a general law, they could also have an impact on organisations' or the public's private interests.

The first Hybrid Bill was the Forth Crossing Bill.

Members' Bill

These are Bills suggested by MSPs. Every MSP can try to get 2 laws passed in the time between elections. This 5-year period is called a 'parliamentary session'.

To do this, they need other MSPs from different political parties to support their Bills.

Committee Bills

These are Bills suggested by a group of MSPs called a committee.

These are Public Bills because they will change general law.

Private Bills

These are Bills suggested by a person, group or company. They usually:

  • add to an existing law
  • change an existing law

A committee would be created to work on a Private Bill.

Bill stage timeline

The Budget (Scotland) (No.4) Bill is currently at Stage 1.


The Scottish Government sends the Bill and related documents to the Parliament.

Budget (Scotland)(No.4) Bill as introduced

Related information from the Scottish Government on the Bill

Opinions on whether the Parliament has the power to make the law (Statements on Legislative Competence)

Information on the powers the Bill gives the Scottish Government and others (Delegated Powers Memorandum)