Date lodged: 27 June 2017
To ask the Scottish Government what action it is taking to reduce the incidence of respiratory tuberculosis.
Answered by: Aileen Campbell 19 July 2017
Scotland has a low incidence of respiratory tuberculosis (TB). A total of 315 cases of TB were reported to the Enhanced Surveillance of Mycobacterial Infections (ESMI) scheme in 2015, representing an annual incidence of 5.9 cases per 100,000 population. This was a decrease of 10% in the number of cases and 9.2% in the annual incidence when compared with 2014.
This represents a fifth consecutive decrease in numbers and incidence of TB cases reported since 2010 and is the lowest number of cases and incidence reported since enhanced surveillance began in 2000. In addition, accepted indicators of both recent and ongoing TB transmission also decreased in 2015, suggesting that TB transmission may be reducing in Scotland.
The Scottish Health Protection Network Respiratory Infections Group comprising the SG, HPS and a range of experts from across Scotland are working to ensure the implementation of the recommendations of the 2011 A TB Action Plan for Scotland to further reduce incidence rates.