Date lodged: 30 April 2019
To ask the Scottish Government how many instances of racially motivated assaults have been reported in (a) North Ayrshire, (b) Inverclyde and (c) Scotland in each of the last 10 years.
Answered by: Ash Denham 14 May 2019
In February 2019, the Scottish Government published a report entitled “Developing information on hate crime recorded by the police in Scotland”. This report includes the number the hate crimes that were aggravated by the five hate strands (race, religion, sexual orientation, disability and transgender identity).
Table 1 includes additional analysis of the dataset used to produce the report ‘Developing Information on Hate Crime Recorded by the Police in Scotland’ and shows the number of assaults, including Attempted murder, Serious assault and Common assaults, recorded by the police with a race aggravator for the past four years for North Ayrshire, Inverclyde and Scotland. Further information is available at the following link: https://www.gov.scot/publications/developing-information-hate-crime-recorded-police-scotland/ .
The Scottish Government previously published information on Racist Incidents Recorded by the Police, derived from a different source. Table 2 includes further analysis of this dataset and shows the number of assaults, including Attempted murder, Serious assault and Common assaults, recorded by Police Scotland as part of racist incidents for the years 2008-10 to 2013-14 for North Ayrshire, Inverclyde and Scotland. Further information is available at the following link: https://www.gov.scot/publications/racist-incidents-recorded-police-scotland-2013-14/ .
The tables relate to crimes which have been perceived by the victim or any other person, to be motivated (wholly or partly) by malice and ill-will towards a social group based on race. A person does not need to be a member of a social group to be the victim of a hate crime. The law states that the identity of the victim is irrelevant as to whether something is a hate crime or not; the motivation of the perpetrator is the key factor in defining a hate crime. Furthermore, this will not include any incidents which did not include the committing of a crime or racially aggravated assaults that were not reported to the police.
It is important to note that the tables presented here are not directly comparable as they are derived from different sources. Table 1 is based on information taken from Police Scotland’s Interim Vulnerable Persons Database (IVPD), an incident-based database which was introduced in 2013, and became a national system in 2014, whereas Table 2 is based on information previously extracted annually from individual Police Scotland crime management systems.
Table 1. Number of assaults 1 recorded by the police, with a race aggravator 2 , 2014-15 to 2017-18
Source: Additional analysis of the extract of data from the Interim Vulnerable Persons Database (IVPD) used to produce the report ‘Developing Information on Hate Crime Recorded by the Police in Scotland’
Table 2. Number of assaults 1 recorded by the police as part of racist incidents, 2014-15 to 2017-18
Source: Additional analysis of the extract of data used to produce the report ‘Racist incidents recorded by the police in Scotland, 2013-14’
1 Includes Attempted Murder, Serious assault and Common assault
2 Will also include some crimes where there may have been multiple aggravators for example if a crime was aggravated by race and religion.
*' indicates a value of less than five.
-' indicates a value of zero.